Sudan: UAE, supporters of RSF, absent from peace talks, hope is low

by MMC
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Just days after the Sudanese military accepted an invitation to resume talks, brokered by the United States and Saudi Arabia, aimed at ending more than six months of fighting with the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF ), the RSF captured Nyala, the country’s second largest city.

Nyala is the capital of South Darfur State and serves as a strategically important bridge for the RSF to the Central African Republic (CAR), from where it receives much of its weapons and reinforcements, which would be supplied by Wagner’s mercenaries.

The capture of Nyala is seen as a turning point by some, as it appears to put RSF in a stronger negotiating position ahead of the Saudi-sponsored talks.

To take part

The conflict between the Sudanese army and the RSF extends well beyond Sudanese borders. For Gulf superpowers the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Saudi Arabia, the war is also seen as an opportunity to claim hegemonic power in the Middle East.

Amdjarass, the Chadian town just across the Sudanese border, is the base from which the United Arab Emirates is running an operation meant to help Sudanese refugees. But behind the facade what the UAE maintains are humanitarian effortslies secret support for RSF.

“The UAE has done more than anyone to support the RSF and prolong the conflict in Sudan,” said Cameron Hudson, a former CIA analyst on Africa. New York Times.

Contrary to public statements calling for peace, the UAE has fueled the conflict by providing weapons, drones and medical care to injured RSF fighters.

Another silent genocide

Mass graves, razed villages, rape of women and girls, millions of displaced people, people brutally massacred. One might think that these atrocities refer to Darfur 20 years ago. But it is today in Sudan, where the genocide is happening again.

In 2003, they rode horses; now they arrive in trucks. Even though its name has changed, RSF’s targets remain the same: the Masalit people.

The local population (Masalit) was forced to throw the bodies into a mass grave, thus depriving those killed of a decent burial.

Since the conflict between the Sudanese army and the RSF began in April, RSF fighters have engaged in widespread attacks against the Masalit ethnic group.

The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights reported in July that “the local population (Masalit) was forced to throw the bodies into a mass grave, thereby depriving those killed of a decent burial.”

The crisis was described by the British Minister for Africa, Andrew Mitchell, as “all the characteristics of ethnic cleansing”a first for the British government.

To date, at least 7,000 people have been killed and more than five million displaced – we are witnessing genocide in its purest form.

International organizations lack coordination

While the African Union has said it is committed to restoring peace and stability to Sudan, the organization remains silent on the ethnic cleansing currently underway.

The Sudanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs strongly criticized the meeting between AU President Moussa Faki Mahamat and an RSF representative in Addis Ababa on September 3.

In a June statement, current UN Security Council President Lana Zaki Nusseibeh of the United Arab Emirates called on the warring parties to “immediately cease hostilities, facilitate humanitarian access, establish a permanent ceasefire and to resume the process aimed at reaching a lasting ceasefire agreement.” inclusive and democratic political settlement in Sudan.

No end in sight

There is little evidence of a resolution as the conflict continues. Over the past six months, several short-term truces have been violated.

With Saudi-US sponsored peace talks underway in Jeddah, the RSF may have bought some leverage by taking Nyala.

But with the United Arab Emirates – RSF’s only real sponsor – seemingly not involved in the planned negotiations, Sudan is unlikely to see peace in the near future.

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