Transforming Africa’s transport and energy sectors in the historic Zanzibar Declaration

by MMC
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A special meeting of African ministers in charge of transport and energy, held from September 12 to 15 on the theme “Accelerating infrastructure to meet the aspirations of AU Agenda 2063”, concluded with a Action-oriented Zanzibar Declaration aimed at boosting the continent’s transport and transportation. energy sectors.

Convened under the auspices of the Fourth Ordinary Specialized Technical Committee on Transport, Transcontinental and Interregional Infrastructure and Energy of the African Union, the meeting was organized by the African Union Commission (AUC) in collaboration with the African Union Development Agency (AUDA-NEPAD), African Development Bank (AfDB) and United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA).

Speaking during the ministerial segment of the meeting, Robert Lisinge, Acting Director of the Private Sector Development and Finance Division at the ECA, called on member states to remove obstacles limiting private sector investment in infrastructure and energy, urging them to facilitate investments by creating favorable conditions. political and regulatory environments. “The demands of continental infrastructure development and the aspirations of Agenda 2063 and Agenda 2030 far exceed current levels of public sector investment,” he said.

He stressed that over the next ten years, concerted action is needed to address energy transition and security issues, in order to open up opportunities for the transformation of the continent. He cited the ECA’s analytical work on the AfCFTA, which demonstrates that there are investment opportunities for infrastructure development in transport and energy, and added that digitalization and intelligence artificial offer great opportunities for the efficient operation of infrastructure.

According to the Zanzibar Declaration, the ministers adopted the continental regulatory framework of the AUC and ECA to attract private sector investments into African electricity markets. This framework will be used as an instrument to accelerate the participation of private sector investments in African electricity markets. The Declaration also calls on ECA and its partners to develop a continental energy security policy framework, as requested by the 41st ordinary session of the Executive Council, as well as an energy security index and dashboard to monitor progress. made in achieving Africa’s energy security.

The meeting recognized the efforts of the ECA to support Member States in coordinating public-private partnerships (PPPs) with development partners and the establishment of the African School of Regulation (ASR) as a center of excellence pan-African approach to strengthen the capacities of Member States. on energy regulation.

The Declaration called on ECA and partner institutions to do more in the following areas:

The AUC, in collaboration with AUDA-NEPAD, ECA, AfDB, RECs, the Africa Transport Policy Program (SSATP) and the Secretariat of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA), to implement implement the road map on the comprehensive and integrated regulatory framework for road transport in Africa.

The ECA, in collaboration with the AUC, to identify innovative practices and initiatives that have emerged in the aviation industry in Africa during the COVID-19 pandemic and propose ways to sustain these practices, including the development of smart airports equipped with digital solutions to improve aviation facilitation and security. environmental protection.

The ECA, in collaboration with the AUC, will establish mechanisms for the systematic implementation, monitoring and evaluation of continental strategies for sustainable recovery of the aviation industry.

The AUC, AUDA-NEPAD, AfDB and ECA will engage with development partners and development finance institutions (DFIs) to mobilize resources for the preparation and implementation of PIDA-PAP 2 projects .

The ECA and the AUC, in collaboration with their partners, will coordinate PPP initiatives to avoid duplication of efforts and strengthen complementarity.

The AUC and ECA will work with continental, regional and specialized institutions to support the design and implementation of African School of Regulation (ASR) programmes, courses and capacity development initiatives to support the implementation of the single African electricity and continental energy market. System blueprint.

The AUC will work with AUDA-NEPAD, AfDB, ECA and RECs, respective power pools, regional regulators and relevant stakeholders to design continental mechanisms for regulating and coordinating electricity trade between energy pools.

AUDA-NEPAD, AUC, AFREC, ECA, AfDB, power pools and development partners to comprehensively assess local manufacturing of renewable energy technologies and valorization of critical minerals for manufacturing of batteries.

ECA and AFREC will accelerate the implementation of the Energy4Sahel project aimed at improving the deployment of off-grid technologies and clean cooking in relevant Member States.

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